ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Understanding the Nature of Party Competition and Politics of Majoritarianism

Through its six years in office, the Bharatiya Janata Party government has become a “Modi regime.” This new regime is set to change the characteristics of India’s competitive politics such as structure of party competition and nature of agenda, through the shifting of the middle ground and forging a new social coalition behind it. But above all, through the application of populism and authoritarianism, the most crucial change that the new regime is bringing about is the politics of majoritarianism and that is, more than anything, changing and shrinking democratic politics.

Transfer of Power? Politics of Mass Mobilisation in UP

The recent electoral history of UP that has witnessed the growth of parties representing the lower and middle castes speaks of a politics of more competition and democracy. But as this paper argues, though peasant and caste mobilisation may have challenged upper caste/ class domination, this has not necessarily promoted policies of public expenditure for services benefiting the poor, nor has there been implementation of developmental programmes that address their vital concerns.

Electoral Reforms: Need for Citizens' Involvement

There is no escape for concerned citizens and civil society groups from getting involved in politics without being politicians. They have to use all available means to change and continuously monitor the functioning of the political system. These means include using the judicial system through public interest litigation, the media for information dissemination and statutory organs such as the Election Commission and the Law Commission which have both proposed major initiatives for reforming the electoral system.

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