ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Exploring Abortion Laws

A Case Study of Bangladesh, India, Russia, and the United States

Abortion has long been a divisive issue in the rights debate particularly when it is presented as a conflict between a woman’s right to choose and an unborn child’s right to live. Unsafe abortion can lead to long-term issues detrimental to woman’s health and psychological well-being, in addition to acute health risks and even fatality. This paper offers a comprehensive overview of current abortion laws and practices in Bangladesh, India, Russia, and the US. While restrictive laws are often violated, few of them are appropriate for their intended purpose. It is important to acknowledge that the right to make independent decisions about her own body and reproductive functions is at the very core of the fundamental rights of women.

Abortion has long been a divisive issue in the rights debate particularly when it is presented as a conflict between a woman’s right to choose and an unborn child’s right to live. Unsafe abortion can lead to long-term issues detrimental to woman’s health and psychological well-being, in addition to acute health risks and even fatality. This paper offers a comprehensive overview of current abortion laws and practices in Bangladesh, India, Russia, and the US. While restrictive laws are often violated, few of them are appropriate for their intended purpose. It is important to acknowledge that the right to make independent decisions about her own body and reproductive functions is at the very core of the fundamental rights of women.

Reproductive rights need to be understood through the lens of human rights approach. They are based on the idea that everyone has the right to access healthcare and women should have the autonomy to make their own decisions. Unwanted and forced pregnancies due to lack of family planning, fatalities during pregnancy and delivery, complications from unsafe abortions, early marriages, and coercive unsafe sex are examples of the abuse of reproductive rights. Women’s intrinsic dignity and independence are denied because of the societal undervaluing of their fundamental existence. Family members often make the most important decisions impacting women’s health, education, property, and marriage. In many cases they are arbitrarily denied the freedom to make their own decisions, thereby rejecting their personhood and autonomy, especially in the private domain.

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Updated On : 24th Jul, 2023
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