ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Handloom Industry in Jammu and Kashmir


Jammu and Kashmir’s (J&K) oldest traditional cottage industry is the handloom industry. It is known for the weaving of fabrics, such as Rafal, Pashmina, cotton, and silk sarees. Since it has a vast potential for income and employment generation, the handloom industry has exceptional socio-economic implications. Weaving by hand is centuries-old tradition and is one of the main characteristics of the cultural heritage of J&K. The handloom industry is highly labour-intensive coupled with a low capital formation. Weaving is a totally pollution-free activity, and therefore, the handloom industry is also eco-friendly in nature.  

In contemporary times, there is a special place for the handloom industry in J&K’s economy as a result of its momentous potential as far as income, output, and employment are concerned. In the beginning of the 21st century, the growth rate of the handloom industry was little less than 30%, which then decreased for some years and again saw a rise after a brief period of decline. But, after COVID-19, like other industries, handloom weaving also experienced a profound crunch in J&K. Lockdowns and social distancing resulted in a severe economic shock to its economy and the handloom industry was no exception. This industry gives employment mostly to the uneducated and dropouts, and only 5% of the total workforce associated with this industry are educated.

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Updated On : 17th Oct, 2022
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