ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Muslim Women's Rights in India

Codified Personal Laws Needed

Although laws like the Muslim Personal Law (Shariat) Application Act, 1937 and other laws are supposed to grant Muslim women rights and protect them from discriminatory customary laws, the absence of codification of Muslim personal laws has resulted in many of the rights granted in religious texts getting negated or diluted. Against this reality, Muslim women's groups have been campaigning for codification of personal law.

Several laws have been enacted to address the concerns of Muslim women in India dealing primarily with issues like marriage, divorce, maintenance and inheritance. But at the community or societal level, these laws do not help them much in seeking justice. The laws that are framed exclusively for Muslim women fail to protect their rights and prove ineffective in helping them enjoy the status as guaranteed to them in the Quran. In the absence of a codified personal law, Muslim women in India are still subjected to gender injustice and inequalities.

The Shariat Application Act, 1937

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