ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Demographic and Health Trends in India (2005-06--2015-16)

Results from Phase 1 of NFHS–4

A brief exposition of the trends in health, fertility, status of women, nutrition and child mortality between 2005-06 and 2015-16 as have emerged from the National Family Health Survey in 17 states.

The 2015–16 National Family Health Survey–4 (NFHS–4) was a large-scale survey of a nationally representative sample of around 5,72,000 households. Since the first round of the NFHS, initiated in 1992–93, all four rounds of NFHS (1992–93, 1998–99, 2005–06 and now 2015–16) have been implemented under the aegis of the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare with the International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS), Mumbai, the nodal agency. Technical support has been provided by ICF International (United States), and the National AIDS Research Institute (Pune, India) since NFHS–3 for the HIV component.

Keeping in mind the various elements that can affect the quality of data, including the size, geography and climate of the country, the entire data collection process has been phased into two segments. Sample households numbering 5,72,000 are being covered in NFHS–4 in over 28,000 primary sampling units (PSUs), of which the sample for the state module is nearly 1 lakh households. The basic sample size for each district was around 860 households in National Rural Health Mission (NRHM)-focused states and 760 households in the other states. However, the sample size was larger in NRHM-focused states where urban and rural estimates will be reported.

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