ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Indian Climate Change Policy

Exploring a Co-Benefits Based Approach

There is a growing body of climate-related policy in India; at the same time, there is no clear and consistent approach or framework that directs and guides these efforts. In this paper, we propose and develop a methodology for operationalising a co-benefits approach to climate policy formulation. We use the technique of multi-criteria analysis, which requires making choices between and examining trade-offs across multiple objectives of policy, such as growth, inclusion and environment. In addition, we develop a framework for consideration of implementation issues. We focus on policies related to energy; but we believe the approach can also be modified to address adaptation concerns. The structured tool of the sort proposed here would hopefully contribute to more informed and deliberative decision-making on climate-related issues.

Girish Sant was instrumental in shaping the ideas in this paper. Although he unfortunately passed away in February 2012, he is acknowledged as an author here in recognition of his contribution. He is deeply missed by his colleagues and friends.

We gratefully acknowledge the research contributions by Seher Shah and Prabhat Upadhyay towards this paper. The ideas in this paper have also been refi ned through discussions with colleagues on the Expert Group on Low Carbon Strategies for Inclusive Growth, comments received during a faculty seminar at the Centre for Policy Research, and feedback received during a review workshop held at the Centre for Policy Research in January 2013. We have also benefi ted from comments by M V Ramana, Shantanu Dixit and Harald Winkler. All remaining errors of fact and interpretation are the responsibility of the authors alone.

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