ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

A+| A| A-

Turmoil in Mali

Will the rescued Mali government be able to rebuild relations in a very heterogeneous country?

The open war in Mali, with French forces in the lead, is over for the present. But the immediate future in the country is strewn with the possibility of further conflict in northern Mali, continued differences between rival interests in the south, and a possible entrenching of neocolonial power.

The trouble in Mali began early in 2012, when in the aftermath of the collapse of the Muammar Gaddafi regime in Libya, a Tuareg rebellion broke out in the northern parts of the country. The Tuaregs, under the umbrella of the National Movement for the Liberation of Azawad (MNLA) and historically supported by the Gaddafi regime, declared the independence of northern Mali. Meanwhile a military coup in the capital Bamako deposed the government led by President Amadou Toure ostensibly because of the way it handled the Tuareg rebellion. This emboldened the MNLA and its Islamist allies to seize control in northern Mali. Even as a post-coup interim government was being formed after intervention by the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), radical Islamists broke off from the MNLA in the north and asserted control over important cities such as Timbuktu, Kidal and Gao. Led by the Ansar Dine and supported by other forces such as the Al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) and the Movement for Oneness and Jihad in West Africa (MOJWA), these groups were soon reported to have imposed strict sharia law in these areas. By October 2012, they had started to capture territories towards the south-west, in the strongholds of the government.

Dear Reader,

To continue reading, become a subscriber.

Explore our attractive subscription offers.

Click here

Back to Top