ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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On the 'Comprehensive Peace Agreement' in Nepal

On November 5 the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) [CPN(M)] had entered into an agreement with the government of Nepal which stipulated that the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) would deposit its arms in seven designated cantonments while the government’s armed forces too would deposit an equal number of arms. These would be placed under the supervision of a United Nations (UN) monitoring team while the keys of the lockers of PLA arms would be with the Maoist party. It was also agreed by both sides to dissolve the present parliament and form a new interim parliament with a share of the seats for the Maoists, to form an interim government with some portfolios for the Maoists, and to elect a constituent assembly by next summer, which is supposed to decide the fate of the monarchy and the future of Nepal. The agreement received the final official stamp when prime minister, G P Koirala and the chairman of CPN(M), comrade Prachanda signed the agreement and declared it publicly. The Central Committee (CC), Communist Party of India (Maoist) [CPI(Maoist)], has been perturbed by this agreement concluded by the fraternal Maoist party in Nepal with the government of the seven-party alliance (SPA) led by the Indian protégé, Koirala.

The agreement to deposit the arms of the people’s army in designated cantonments is fraught with dangerous implications. This act could lead to the disarming of the oppressed masses of Nepal and to a reversal of the gains made by the people of Nepal in the decade-long people’s war at the cost of immense sacrifices. The clause in the agreement to deposit an equal number of arms by both sides will obviously work in favour of the Koirala-led government as the latter will have the option to use the huge stock of arms still at the disposal of the army anytime and to further strengthen the reactionary army of the government. The decision taken by CPN(Maoist) on arms management, even if it thinks it is a tactical step to achieve its immediate goal of setting up a constituent assembly, is harmful to the interests of the revolution.

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