ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Chechnya Russian Fiasco

Chechnya: Russian Fiasco Rama Sampath Kumar THE administrative units of the Russian federation are composed of 55 provinces or regions, 2 cities (Moscow and St Petersburg), 21 republics, and 11 autonomous formations.' The division into various administrative units, based on the Soviet nationality policy, influenced regional politics through the Soviet years.3 The centrifugal pressure in Russia is strongest among the 21 republics, and they enjoy fuller rights to self- government than the others.3 These republics can be roughly divided into three main groups: (1) the regions with below-average incomes, where the Russians are a minority. These are ethnic trouble spots and most of them, including Chechnya, are situated in the Caucasus; (2) the second group comprises of resource rich, large republics in the north - Komi, Karelia and Yakutia. They have above- average incomes and the ethnic Russians are the majority. Their restlessness is purely economic; (3) The third group is the republics along the Volga, which are rich in oil and arc home to most of Russia's 18 million Muslims. Tatarstan and Bashkorostan fall in this category, and this group is the real threat to Russia's integrity. The railways and pipelines connecting Siberia to European Russia pass through this region.

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