ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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POLAND-State, Party and Social Movement

October 30, 1982 POLAND State, Party and Social Movement Nicoletta Stame LISTENING to the news from Poland one hears of mass demonstrations defying the state of siege (May 1, 3, 13) together with appeals to the military power asking for the starting of a dialogue with society. At the same time, one reads of Solidarity leaders' great worry about the likely outbreak of terrorist actions. Though underground, Solidarity remains a significant social force, it has survived a very difficult moment of its existence, and its leaders are convinced that, the present difficulties will eventually be superceded by a new phase of "more democracy, more liberty, more independence". Kulerski, one of its leaders out of jail, las said: "The sixteen months [of legal life] of Solidarity have been one of our great national 'revolutions', a bloodless 'revolution'. But a people's life is also made of periods between one 'revolution' and the following.'' Although we lack a proper theorisa- tion of the whole experience, borrowing ram documents, brief articles and interviews we can try to outline how the Polish opposition assesses the various phases it has passed through, and the meaning of subsequent turning points. From this I hope it will be possible to understand the perspective facing the movement at present and also to make some inferences about social processes in other comparable situations.

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