ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Rural Employment, Wages and Labour Markets in India-A Survey of Research

its demographic compulsions and democratic commitment can ill afford to turn away from social justice and equality and thrust for freedom. And for that very reason it is not possible on the one hand to pursue a policy of "let the hounds run", under which the private enterprise can dictate the course of economic development, and on the other hand, to permit the existing state apparatus, with its insensitive bureaucracy and power and patronage-prone politicians, to have a stranglehold over the economic system. Social justice can be guaranteed when State intervention is on a scale which is small enough to checkmate the concentration of power; economic efficiency, freedom and growth can be ensured if the units in the economy, while animated by social conscience, can compete with each other. It is just this balance which is likely to be attained if India could have numerous small states with better communication with the people in each state. If it is a communist or a socialist ideology it will have its full sway in a smaller unit; if it is the free enterprise approach, it may be experimented within a small area. If any of the alternative succeeds, it would then affect other states, without the failure of any one of them doing irreparable and irreversible damage. Social purposiveness can. then be dovetailed with the imperatives of economic efficiency and democratic commitment.

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