ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Rural Works Programme

November 6, 1971 is normally met by the small-scale sector (of about 200 units), the bigger units could concentrate on the production of the large-sized motors where, today, a sizeable portion of the demand for .small HP motors is met by the larger units themselves. By and large, however, the domestic market must continue to be the only effective outlet foi the industry. Indian electric motors are expensive, which inhibits their export. Export prices of Japan, Italy, and West Germany, are less than 15 to 20 per cent of the Indian electric motor's price in the overseas markets! Shortage of essential raw materials, like copper, electrical steel sheets, and electri* cal grade aluminium, has, it is claimed, led to the high cost of production. Yet. development of substitutes could help to overcome this difficulty. While the industry has made a modest beginning in this, using aluminium to replace copper for instance, dependence en copper is still too heavy. The industry could encourage use of squirrel cage motors instead of slipring motors, for example, as the requirement of copper in the former is 30 per cent lower than in the latter. There is scope, too, for efforts to be made for better design and standards control of the products. Such efforts might pay off by helping the industry to lower its high cost of production

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