ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Articles by Victor S D SouzaSubscribe to Victor S D Souza

Roots of Present Communal Crisis

Roots of Present Communal Crisis Victor S D'Souza Due to the peculiar geographical distribution of religious minorities they on the whole do not pose a serious political threat to the majority community except in some peripheral regions. Why then has the movement for building up Hindu nationalism gained currency in recent decades?

Economy, Caste, Religion and Population Distribution-An Analysis of Communal Tension in Punjab

Distribution An Analysis of Communal Tension in Punjab Victor S D'Souza There is accumulating evidence to show that with economic growth in Punjab the gap between the rich and the poor is widening. Yet politics in Punjab is articulated more along religious than along class lines.

CHANDIGARH- People Prevail over Plan

People Prevail over Plan THE new city of Chandigarh was inaugurated by the President of India in 1953. Although Intended to provide a capital for that part of Punjab which remained in India after partition and to help rehabilitate the disrupted institutional and cultural life of the displaced persons, the new venture had a wider national significance. The import of this experiment was' brought out by Jawaharlal Nehru, when he paid the first visit to the site of Chandigarh, in the following words: ''The site chosen is free from the existing encumbrances of old towns and old traditions. Let it lxl the first large expression of our creative genius flowering on our newly earned freedom". Chandigarh was to be unique in other respects also. Unlike most planned towns which are designed as satellites to existing large cities or to subserve the needs of a new industry, Chandigarh was planned as an autonomous city free from the dominance of any neighbouring community and complete in all respects, fully equipped to serve all the needs of its residents. The world's best known city planners and architects were chosen to give shape to this bold vision. The firm of Albert Mayer and Whittlesey of New York was first given the contract, and when tha firm had to give up the assignment after some preliminary work, the celebrated French architect and city planner, Le Corbusier along with Maxwell Try, Pierre Jeanneret and Jane Drew was invited to complete the work.

Social Inequalities and Development in India

Myrdal provides many perceptive leads to an understanding of the nature of poverty and inequalities among these nations,, though he does not attempt any systematic theory. According to him, "low average income inequality and social stratification are causally interrelated''. He maintains: "Inequality of social status is not only made more rigid and permanent by low levels of income . . but itself tends to perpetuate its major cause'' (Myrdal 1968, 569 italics added). Insofar as inequality of status is a reflection of inequality of income, it is obvious that status differences and income differences an? correlated. . But what is distinctive in Myrdal's argument is that, among the societies under reference, inequality of status is an independent variable and that inequality of income is a dependent one. When development takes place, resulting in an overall increase in income, the additional income is distributed according to the inequality of status

Rural Sociology

February 20, 1971 a quantity of 4 million tonnes as the requirement of additional stocks, thus bringing the total gross demand to 133 million tonnes. Though the author has elsewhere referred to the need for building up buffer stocks, he has not made any allowance for this factor while computing the demand for food- grains in 1973-74.

Political Organisation and Urbanisation

men sacrifice these roles to an extent in the interest of sheer survival, but they devote greater attention to the roles and cease working as soon as they can afford to do so. Ester Boserup herself describes, and indeed bemoans, the plight of Asian and African working women : "The woman of the Asian plantation has a double job, as housewife and as full time labourer ... while the men are at leisure when work in the plantation is over" (p 78), In my own field studies 6 among village women of Rajas- than, I found that working women of both agricultural and non-agricultural households expressed a strong desire to be able to afford the leisure of preparing two hot meals and looking after the health and personal hygiemneeds of their children, as could the high-caste higher-income group women of the area who were not working. It was observed further that, women of the non-agricultural group, in which both men and women were workers in a cement factory, withdrew from work as soon as the husband or one of the sons became a permanent worker with higher wages in the factory.

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