ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Articles by Vejai BalasubramaniamSubscribe to Vejai Balasubramaniam

Malaysia : Securing Ruling Ideas

Malaysia's post-colonial experience has shifted the country's economy into the services stage in the span of three decades. But politically, the National Front is experiencing a decline in electoral support, arising in large measure from differentiation and individualism in society following the country's communitarian ideology, Rukunegara, becoming a dead letter. Concerned with the political implications of this development for the ruling ideas, the National Front now under the leadership of Abdullah Badawi, has begun to reaffirm the need to serve collective interests.

Malaysia: Politics in Times of Crisis

In a desperate attempt to shed his image as the architect and representative of 'rentier' and crony capitalism which was ill prepared to counter the challenges posed in the aftermath of the financial crisis, prime minister Mahathir proclaimed Malaysia as a theocratic state last year. Knowing that this strategy may not work, he has now announced his retirement.

Malaysia: Ninth General Elections

With Party Islam Malaysia and Parti Keadilan, separately targeting Malay votes, and Democratic Action Party aiming for non-Malay votes, the resultant split in opposition vote will enable the ruling coalition of 13 parties led by Mahathir's UMNO to sail through the forthcoming general election despite some recent political hiccups.

Dynamics of Non-Involvement in ASEAN

It has been contended that ASEAN's members have ceased to cherish the principle of non-involvement in one another's internal affairs. By way of illustrative example attention is called to the Indonesian and Philippine gestures of support for Anwar Ibrahim after he was dismissed from the Malaysian cabinet. Noting that such clashes among ASEAN members only take the form of phases of rhetoric and arguing that the rhetoric is rooted in old history, this article attempts to demonstrate that non-involvement is very much alive.

ASEAN Co-operation: Reconsidering Non-Involvement

While the principle of non-involvement has provided the impetus for regionalism within ASEAN, it is also hindering the greater integration of the member countries as governments pursue their nationalist agendas.

Federal-State Relations in Malaysia-Expedient and the Necessary

Expedient and the Necessary Vejai Balasubramaniam THE El Nino phenomenon to which the current water crisis affecting Malaysia and the suburb's of its capital, Kuala Lumpur, is attributed, indicates that the major challenge facing the Malaysian state1 (i e. the political elites in control of the federal government) in its drive to modernise (read industrialise) the country, comes not from the established opposition in the Dewan Rakyat (the lower house of parliament) but from the respective State governments. A federalist state by its structure provides State governments to challenge the authority of the federal government. As a country comprising two federalism', the ability of the state governments to resist the authority of the federal government in Kuala Lumpur varies.

Environment and Human Rights-A New Form of Imperialism

this is true. However, the Chinese leaders, brandishing China's huge reserves, repeatedly pointed out that the economy was in excellent condition and that the Chinese yuan would not be devalued. Protected by such a strong image and a restricted foreign exchange system, they have won the battle against the speculators even without fighting, at least until now.

Vote for Unity-Malaysia s Ninth General Elections

had said that part of IMF loan of $ 1,2 billion released in 1992 was used for spot purchases of defence spares. The SIPRI report says that India imported arms worth $ 12.2bn between 1988-92. In other words, the full value of Indian spending on security-related items remains secret. Of course what is hidden from Indian citizens is fairly easily accessible to our bilateral and multilateral creditors and suppliers of military hardware.

Modernisation and Media Attraction-Anglo-Malaysian Relations

industrial and military colossus, but into a gigantic' debating society, welded to every conceivable species of socio-political activism. The thrust of the debate was the imper- ative of social transformation. These highly charged political debates with their extensive organisational networks at all working class, institutional and social levels, flourished over the years as never before, or since. Hence they were anathema to the British ruling class and certainly to a true blue Tory such as Air Marshal Harris, but by the spring of 1944 suppression or deviation of the 'subversive

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