ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Articles by Utsa PatnaikSubscribe to Utsa Patnaik

Export-Oriented Agriculture and Food Security in Developing Countries and India

in Developing Countries and India Utsa Patnaik The set of economic policies labelled economic liberalisation, stabilisation and structural adjustment adopted by developing countries over the last 15 years have had and are having a profound impact on the nature of the development process in these countries, and especially on their food security. It is the aspect of food security as affected by food availability and income shifts which is the focus of this paper.

The Agrarian Question and Development of Capitalism in India

The Agrarian Question and Development of Capitalism in India Utsa Patnaik This paper seeks to develop some of the important themes which Daniel Thorner initiated on the essential features of India's agrarian structure and growth problems. What has been the precise nature of the 'built-in depressor', the term coined by Thorner to denote the complex of agrarian relations which made it paying for landlords to live on extracting rent, usurious interest and trading profit out of an impoverished peasantry rather than go in for productivity-raising investment? What have been the circumstances under which the operation of the 'depressor' has ceased at least in certain cropping regimes in certain parts of the country and what have been the reasons for such cessation? In what ways has the development strategy followed under the Plans in the last three decades impinged upon and altered agrarian relations? And what is likely to be the reciprocal effects of the way agrarian relations have been affected upon the rate and structure of industrialisation? Finally, at the end of some quarter century of the growth of the capitalist tendency in rural areas, where are we today with respect to the so-called 'mode of production' controversy?

Of Cabbages and Kings-Economic Theories and Feudal Systems

The project of formulating an 'economic theory of the feudal system' with special reference to 'the operation of market forces in a non-market milieu, which has been put forward by Witold Kula in the book under review, raises the question of the analytical framework of concepts and categories to be used in pursuance of this project.

Lenin and Contemporary Imperialism-Report on a Seminar

Report on a Seminar Utsa Patnaik October 17-24, 1981 THE Indian School of Social Sciences, Trivandrum, organised a seminar on "Lenin and Contemporary Imperialism" from October 12 to 14 in New Delhi. The first seminar in the series, "Marxism and Aesthetics", had been held in Kasauli in 1979, while further seminars are planned on the themes of Agrarian Revolution, The State, and the Philosophy of Science. The seminar this year was considerably larger in terms of numbers of participants, following the success of the maiden venture two years ago; and it offered an undoubtedly unique opportunity for academics to present their ideas and interact with each other, as well as with those engaged in political work on the Left.

Empirical, Identification of Peasant Classes Revisited

March 1, 1980 Empirical, Identification of Peasant Classes Revisited Utsa Patnaik IN a recent issue of this journal1 Ranjit Sau offers criticism of my piece on "Class Differentiation within the Peasantry" written some years ago.2 I thank Sau for his detailed discussion which has helped to clarify the issue in many respects. My observations here may be divided under four heads: (1) on Sau's own proposed criterion for demarcating the class status of pea- sant households, which he thinks should replace mine; (2) on his criticisms of my formulation; (3) on the question of what constitutes the barrier to productive investment in agriculture; and (4) some results of applying our criterion to primary data On Sau's proposed empirical criterion which he defines as "the ratio between the surplus product appropriated by the peasant and the surplus product supplied by him" and labels the "rate of exploitation R". The rationale and meaning of this formulation escapes me despite sincere attempts to understand it.

Class Differentiation within the Peasantry- An Approach to Analysis of Indian Agriculture

This paper argues that the Marxist theory of class differentiation within the peasantry provides the necessary analytical tools for looking at the agrarian structure both at a point of time and in its evolution over time.

Contribution to the Output and Marketable

Surplus of Agricultural Products by Cultivating Groups in India, 1960-61 Utsa Patnaik Given an agrarian structure characterised by a high degree of concentration of land and non-land resources with a minority of holdings, output and marketable surplus may be expected to show, to a greater or lesser degree, similar concentration.

On the Mode of Production in Indian Agriculture-A Reply

Review of Agriculture September 1972 On the Mode of Production in Indian Agriculture A Reply Utsa Patnaik PARESH CHATTOPADHYAY (March 25, 1972) has raised some theoretical criticisms of my ideas as presented in my two contributions (September 25 and December 25, 1971). Since my aim was a critique of Ashok Rudra's work rather than a positive elaboration of my own ideas, these ideas were presented in a highly compressed form. In the present note 1 do not intend to set out my positive thesis fully since the required documentation cannot possibly be compressed into a short paper. I will merely set out the incomplete skeleton of the thesis in the course of answering Paresh Chat- topadhyay's comments. (I hope he will not mind if for the sake of brevity I refer to his initials, P C, in what follows).

Economics of Farm Size and Farm Scale-Some Assumptions Re-examined

Some Assumptions Re-examined Utsa Patnaik This paper argues that a very considerable difference is made to the behaviour of farm variables with changing economic size of farms (i e, changing scale of production), depending on how we measure this economic size.

Capitalist Development in Agriculture-Further Comment

spend on these products and (b) that the average propensity to spend on these products is rising with the total expenditure on all products. In the case of the agricultural products, nil the contrary, the marginal propensity to spend is lower than the average propensity to spend, and hence the average propensity to spend on the agricultural products must decline as total expenditure rises. This becomes clear when we study the percentage of consumption expenditure on agricultural consumption goods in the different expenditure classes of the rural and the urban sectors of the economy during 1960-61 ( ie, the sixteenth lound of the NSS).

Capitalist Development in Agriculture-A Note

A Note Utsa Patnaik In recent years there has emerged a tendency towards profit-oriented production and investment in land by a section of the cultivating population. Many observers think they see a new class of capitalist farmers emerging. There had been, however, no quantitative studies attempting to isolate the characteristics of capitalist farmers or to apply any criteria to identify the capitalists, Ashok Rudra with A Majid and B D Talib carried out a sample survey of big farmers in Punjab and, after attempting to isolate the capitalists from the sample by certain statistical methods, came to the conclusion that no group of capitalist farmers could be identified.


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