ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Infrastructural Linkages in Sri Lanka-India Relations

Infrastructural Linkages in Sri Lanka-India Relations Urmila Phadnis IN a pioneering collaborative effort on 'Linkage Polities', James N Rosenau and others have attempted to define and identify linkages between national- international systems or 'policy-external environment linkages', 'as Rosenau calls them.1 In this process, a broad set of insights and findings regarding the relevance of 'environment' for the establishment and maintenance of linkages, the role of 'linkage elites' and the alternate strategies which they pursue to aggregate their political power are presented. However, most of the papers seem to be more concerned with the 'processes' of linkage politics than with its structures. Also, notwithstanding the underscoring of the 'contiguous'2 or 'regional' environment as a stimulus for such linkages in a couple of papers, such infrastructural linkages are not fully identified. Nor are their interactions exhaustively explained.

SRI LANKA-The New Constitution

Quantity without Quality One such Workshop was on Management Development in Banks. The Reserve Bank took up the recommendation of the Workshop that a Management Development Department should be established in every bank. In the context of traditional bank management, a degree of gentle persuasion on a continuing basis is necessary, but this is neither forthcoming from the Reserve Bank whose primary task is monetary control nor from NIBM which has conceived of its role as that of a consultant whose assistance has to be sought by banks.

CEYLON-At the Cross-Roads

tions, which still need to be answered satisfactorily; what has the university done to promote the various academic disciplines during the past 50 years? and what does it propose to do to solve contemporary problems?

Ceylon, Nepal and the Emergence of Bangladesh

Consequent to the emergence of Bangla Desk, the power pattern in the subcontinent hasbeen restructured. India is now in a position of indisputable dominance in South Asia. In a way this is not a welcome development for India's smaller neighbours, including Ceylon and Nepal It invalidates their hitherto pursued strategy by restricting their diplomatic manoeuvrability within the region. It also deepens their existing psychological apprehension of India the 'colossus'.

Insurgency in Ceylon-Hard Challenge and Grim Warning

standable in an economy beset with horizontal and vertical inequalities. The study initiated by the TEC was the first step towards horizontal equity in taxation as between agricultural and non- agricultural sectors. Vertical equity has received some attention with regard to non-agricultural incomes. But despite the pious pronouncements in the Plan documents, taxation of the agricultural sector continues to be a sadly neglected feature of fiscal policy in India. And the various studies under review have not been able to provide an objective basis for vertical equity in taxation in the agricultural sector.

Ceylon under Senanayake

Notwithstanding the multiplicity of political parties ranging from parties of the extreme Left, like the Communist Party (Peking) and the Trotskyite Lanka Sama Samaj Party (Revolutionary), to the chauvinist parties and groups among Sinhalese and Tamils, the Ceylonese political system is today bipolar in character. With their bases confined to urban or minority pockets, the other parties have perforce to align themselves with UNP and SLFP or remain in the political wilderness In the elections, announced for this year, it will be once again UNP and SLFP which will contend for power. A major issue in the election will be the performance of the UNP-led Government which has been in power since 1965. This article attempts to assess this performance.

Neo-Buddhists in India and Ceylon

Urmila Phadnis Because of their numerical strength and political articulateness, neo-Buddhists in India have been able to regain the concessions in education which are available to scheduled castes and which had been denied to them so long. Though they are still not eligible, without acknowledging their caste, to benefit from the reservations of quotas for scheduled castes in Government services and from the reservations of constituencies, unlike the scheduled castes they have not fared badly in open competition for Government jobs or in elections from general constituencies. Rapid politicalisation of the group, its relatively high literacy rate as well as its numerical strength in the one State where most of them live, Maharashtra, are among the factors which have made this possible.

Federal Party in Ceylon Politics-Towards Power or Wilderness

Federal Party in Ceylon Politics Towards Power or Wilderness ?
Urmila Phadnis The shift in the language policy of UNP from Sinhalese and Tamil as the official languages to Sinhalese only catapulted the Federal Party into leadership of the Tamil community.

Indo-Ceylon Ties after Senanayake s Visit

Urmila Phadnis In their recent talks in New Delhi, bath the Indian and Ceylonese Prime Ministers made concessions which are likely to lay them open to severe criticism in their respective countries.

Kachcha Thivu Background and Issues

Urmila Phadnis There is no clear evidence in support of India's sovereignty over the Kachcha Thivu island. Ceylon's claims to the island rest primarily on cartographic evidence dating back several centuries, and on the fact that in recent years Ceylon has exercised elective control over the island. India's claims, on the other hand, are based primarily on the zamindari of the island exercised for a long time by the Raja of Ramnad. Legal experts on both sides would thus have enough data to indulge in hairsplitting.

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