ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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The New People's Movements in India

Social movements in India that have challenged accepted notions of development and political participation have changed since the 1980s. These movements are now centred around people's concerns, but their involvement and impact have perforce been multifaceted given the diversity of constituent population. The challenge has been to counter the new paradigm of modernism and development by proposing alternatives that are not "archaic or traditional" but rather rely greatly on local cultures, initiatives and knowledge as key driving forces.

Convention of People's Movements

The National Alliance of People's Movements has indeed come a long way from its evolution in 1992. At its fifth biennial convention held in Bangalore during May 30-June 1, the NAPM resolved to step up the struggle against the takeover of community land, water and forests by national and multinational capital, to protect people's livelihoods and their democratic rights, and preserve and inculcate the values of equality and sovereignty.

Narmada Displacement: Continuing Outrage

After the shock, outrage and the efforts at rehabilitation of the victims of the Gujarat there is a need to raise the old issues of rights, resources, livelihood and development. Among the issues that have been systematically neglected not just in Gujarat but in neighbouring Congress-ruled Madhya Pradesh is the inadequate rehabilitation measures of the oustees from the Narmada Project. Also, basic issues of survival and livelihood are inimical to the designs of fundamentalists, Hindu or Muslim.

No Full Stops for the Narmada

A year after the Narmada verdict, all presumptions held by the court has been proved wrong. Adivasi land and their houses have been progressively submerged without them having been fully resettled. In the face of the government's continued indifference to the plight of the ousted, the NBA continues its protests, recently compelling the Maharashtra government to set up two independent committees to assess issues of resettlement and the cost-benefit aspects of the dam.

MADHYA PRADESH-Role of State in the Maheshwar Project

Role of State in the Maheshwar Project Sanjay Sangvai FOR the first time in India a dam is being built under police protection and the state is trying to keep off the people from the villages in the area where the dam project is being pushed ahead. It is yet another instance where state power is being utilised to safeguard the interests of the private party, in an unabashed way and with brutality.

CMs Meeting on Narmada Dam-What Did Not Happen

prevented from prosecuting army personnel. The central government's inaction thus renders the army accountable to none.
In 1982, the PUDR together with the Naga People's Movement for Human Rights (NPMHR) petitioned the Supreme Court for the repeal of the Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act, The case has moved very little over the last 14 years. The findings of the D M Sen Enquiry Commission point to excessive use of force by the army. These powers are given to the army by the Armed Forces Act. The deadlock over further action IT ail started with the innocuous announcement by the prime minister, H D Deve Gowda on August 2 at a meeting with over 500 tribals-peasants from the Narmada valley at Delhi. The people had come to the capital to protest against an unjust and illegal decision to raise the height of the dam up to 436 feet and re-starting the work on the dam which has remained suspended for more than 18 months, since January 1995. After the meeting the newly appointed home minister, Indrajit Gupta, the people met the prime minister and appraised him of the situation regarding the dam, its cost-benefit and the displacement, submergence. The prime minister was accompanied by the three concerned ministers, Janeshwar Mishra, minister for water resources, B S Ramoowalia, minister for social welfare, and Nishad, the environment minister. He assured them that he was in favourof keeping the displacement to the minimum and had announced that a meeting of the four chief ministers and 15-20 representatives of Narmada Bachao Andolan would be convened for discussing rehabilitation and other issues regarding the dam. The NBA had, then, welcoming the initiative wound off its dharna in Delhi to prepare for the proposed talks.

Re-opening Sardar Sarovar Issue-Significant Gain of Narmada Struggle

Re-opening Sardar Sarovar Issue Significant Gain of Narmada Struggle Sanjay Sangvai ON December 16, 1994, the twenty-five day-old indefinite fast by Medha Patkar, Seetarambhai and Kamlabehn of Narmada Bachao Andolan ended in Bhopal, after the declaration by the Madhya Pradesh chief minister that his state would call for immediate stoppage of the construction work on the controversial Sardar Sarovar dam if the tribals below the dam level of 80.03 metres are not resettled till December 31, 1994, He also declared, "since we are no more bound by the stipulations of Narmada Water Disputes Tribunal (NWDT) accord as per the order of Supreme Court, on December 13 we would press for further lower height." The chief minister announced that they would press for reconsideration on all issues and submit a separate affidavit in Supreme Court regarding stand of Madhya Pradesh. This is a significant victory of 10- year old struggle in Narmada valley. At last, the much awaited review report on the Sardar Sarovar project has seen the light of the day. The Supreme Court had ordered the report to be made public, and all the concerned state governments and the Narmada Control Authority (NCA) to respond to its recommendations within four weeks.

People s Initiative to Solve Water Crisis in Saurashtra

in Saurashtra Sanjay Sangvai This summer people of Saurashtra have launched a movement to evolve and implement a sustainable solution to the perennial water problem in the region.

Nation, Nationalism and Mega Projects

Mega Projects THE burgeoning mega projects have created their own socio-political superstructures in the Indian context. Correspondingly, these mega projects have taken shape according to prevalent values, preferences, interests and aspirations of the ruling elite in India. Whether it is Nehruvian 'mixed economy' or 'socialistic pattern' of the Indira Gandhi type or liberalisation' of the Manmohan Singh era, all have one thing in common

State Repression in Madhya Pradesh-Target Popular Movements

State Repression in Madhya Pradesh Target: Popular Movements Sanjay Sangvai Alok Agrawal Any serious questioning of the BJP-led government's actions today is immediately branded as 'anti-national' and 'anti-development' and groups espousing the causes of the deprived, especially of the large population of tribals are termed 'naxalite'.

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