ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Articles by Nilanjana BiswasSubscribe to Nilanjana Biswas

Turning the Tide: Women's Lives in Fisheries and the Assault of Capital

Over the years, research on women in the fisheries moved from a framework of political economy to a framework of political ecology. This meant that analyses shifted away from labour, production relations and surplus value extraction typically grounded in Marxian modes of analysis, in favour of those focused on environmental sustainability, livelihood sustainability and a discourse on poverty. During this period, women's labour has been mobilised at an unprecedented scale and concentrated in the most exploitative jobs to fuel economic growth in fisheries. Even as industrial fisheries thrive on the labour of poor women, new analyses and new forms of organising are needed to fundamentally challenge this exploitation. Capital cannot be left unfettered to do as it pleases, but must be forced through stringent regulation to heed other considerations apart from profitability alone. Donor aid is, however, driving the non-governmental organisation increasingly towards conciliatory, mediatory roles, incapable of seeking solutions outside the framework of capital.

On Funding and the NGO Sector

Every attempt made during the past decade to address the question of funding of women's groups has become a highly charged affair. This is most unfortunate because a significant section of the women's movement has identified strongly with autonomous politics and needs to interrogate the premises and implications of autonomy. Yet the reality is that NGOs are an entrenched part of the system, an institutionalised force, from whom we must demand accountability even as we continue to ally with them through critical engagement.

ETHIOPIA- Time of Reckoning

THE story of Ethiopia reads like a grim fairy talc. The; Amharas and the Gallas, who dominate the Coptic Church and the; Throne, make up the aristocratic landed gentry who form 0.1 per cent of the population, Seventy per cent of the land is owned by this 0.1 per cent. Ninety per cent of the population is engaged in agriculture and tenant farmers make up 80 per cent of the agricultural population. These farmers pay 75 per cent of their produce as rent to their landlords. Tenants are also required to spend one day out of three rendering various unspecified services for their landlords.

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