ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Articles by A NarayanamoorthySubscribe to A Narayanamoorthy

What Determines Groundwater Exploitation in India?

The authors are thankful to an anonymous referee for making very constructive comments and useful suggestions on the earlier version of the paper and the Alagappa University, Karaikudi for providing research assistance for writing this paper from the RUSA Phase 2.0 Scheme. The views expressed in this paper are the authors’ own. A Narayanamoorthy ( is senior professor and head, K S Sujitha ( is research associate, R Suresh ( is an assistant professor, and P Jothi ( is adjunct lecturer at the Department of Economics and Rural Development, Alagappa University, Tamil Nadu.

Decelerating Farmers’ Incomes

Caught in the “Hindu rate of growth,” farmers’ income growth decelerated in recent years. It is possible to break free of this by implementing policy correctives—reducing anti-agriculture bias, promoting livestock and labour-intensive rural manufacturing, liberalising agricultural output markets, and spurring investments.

Groundwater Irrigation and Agricultural Output Nexus

While the impact of groundwater irrigation on the productivity of crops and other parameters has been well-documented in India, not many studies are available highlighting its role in the value of agricultural output using district-level data. This paper attempts to find out the impact of groundwater irrigation on VAO using cross-sectional data for 189 Indian districts covering three time points: 1990–93, 2003–06, and 2017–20. Both descriptive and regression analyses have been used in this paper. The descriptive analysis shows that VAO per hectare is significantly higher for those districts having a high level of groundwater coverage (>50%) than the districts having less (<30%) groundwater irrigation. The multivariate regression analysis carried out by using yield augmenting and infrastructure variables shows that the role of groundwater irrigation in impacting VAO has significantly and consistently increased over time.

Zero-budget Natural Farming

The various issues relating to zero-budget natural farming are discussed, in light of the fi nance minister’s announcement in the Union Budget 2019–20 regarding it, and viable measures to double the farmers’ income are suggested.

New ‘Water Management Paradigm’

This article critiques theMihir Shah Committee report and the articles about it in this journal (24 December 2016). It says that although the report has intended to be an attempt at restructuring of water institutions, it has, unfortunately ended just as an exercise in restructuring “water organisations,” and its contents get reduced to a mere “preface” rather than a serious analytical attempt towards a practical approach to institutional restructuring in the water sector.

Getting It Wrong

Ratnakar Tripathy’s “How Modi-Speak Boomeranged in Bihar” (EPW, 21 November 2015) misinterprets data on the elections in Bihar and fails to compare the outcome of previous elections with the most recent assembly elections.

Diagnosing Maharashtra's Water Crisis

The early rains of the 2013 monsoon ended the drought in Maharashtra. But the long-term problem remains. A combination of measures is required to tackle the issue.

Groundwater Irrigation versus Surface Irrigation

This response to "Will the Impact of the 2009 Drought Be Different from 2002?" (EPW, 12 September 2009) says that many of the arguments in the article proposing groundwater as India's prime adaptive mechanism in times of drought are fl awed and lack scientifi c support and that surface irrigation systems make a remarkable contribution to drought proofi ng in India. As such, balanced development of surface water and groundwater is an urgent need.

Turnaround in Financial Recovery in Maharashtra's Irrigation Sector

Despite a number of policy measures in almost all the states, the financial performance of the irrigation sector has been deteriorating over the years because of rising operation and maintenance expenditure as well as low and revised water rates. Meanwhile, Maharashtra has achieved an over 100 per cent recovery rate in the irrigation sector since the beginning of 2002-03. This study analyses the factors behind this impressive turnaround in the financial recovery rate. It specifically studies the water rates, working expenditures as well as financial recovery in Maharashtra vis-à-vis other states since the 1970s. The study suggests clearly that the financial recovery rate of the irrigation sector can be increased if economic and institutional reforms are packaged and sequenced appropriately along with an upward revision of water rates.

Deceleration in Agricultural Growth

It was recently pointed out by prime minister Manmohan Singh that "technology fatigue" is the prime reason for the deceleration in agricultural growth. Is this the only reason for the slowdown or can it be attributed to ineffective policies as well?

Relief Package for Farmers: Can It Stop Suicides?

The relief package for Vidarbha's farmers, announced in early July, will not end distress in the region because it does not address its root causes.


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