ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Articles by Mukul KumarSubscribe to Mukul Kumar

Work Conditions and Employment for Women in Slums

Women residing in slums and slum-like settlements of Bhuj are majorly employed in traditional activities such as bandhani, embroidery, fall beading, etc, and only to a much lesser extent in emerging opportunities, including non-farm casual labour and jobs in the private and public sectors. Women’s preference is overwhelmingly tilted towards the former employment opportunities as compared to the latter, due to flexibility of work and possibility of working from home, given certain sociocultural constraints and poor working conditions in other sectors. Moreover, limited access to capital for women’s own enterprises ensures that the chances for expansion and formalisation of their small enterprises are minimal.

Mapping the Coastal Commons

Multiple, overlapping logics of urbanisation are transforming Tamil Nadu's coast. Real estate, infrastructure, tourism, and urban beautification plans are putting unprecedented pressure on the coastal commons. Fisherfolk, whose everyday life and survival is rooted in the commons, are at the centre of these processes of coastal urbanisation. Faced with the prospect of losing access to these spaces, fisherfolk are drawing upon their customary knowledge and new satellite mapping techniques to assert their rights to land and livelihoods.

Invoking Everydayness in Poverty Studies in India

The field of research on poverty is served mainly by scholars who are influenced by the demands of measurement rather than contextualisation. This has led to a lack of focus on the relational and political side of the problem of poverty, as well as on the lives of the poor. The domain of strategic decision-making of the poor has also not been adequately researched. This paper calls for further exploration of this domain by employing a combination of methods/techniques used in the field of social anthropology. Such depictions of the poor and of poverty would not only correct a bias in the orientation of studies on poverty, but would also serve a political end by possibly dislodging our complacent attitudes towards poverty and destitution.

Institutionalising Common Pool Resources Management

Pasture development interventions under various schemes of advancement of common pool resources have given mixed results in Rajasthan. Facilitating agencies must be aware of the local dynamics and conflicting interests and should promote village institutions keeping in view local factions and their inclinations. It is not the formally registered or constitutionally acknowledged body, but the underlying structures that make CPR management systems successful while rendering some others unsuccessful.

Perils of Participatory Democracy

Perils of Participatory Democracy MUKUL KUMAR Arecent article on the status of panchayati raj (PR),

Relationship of Caste and Crime in Colonial India

The discourse of caste, in many instances, cannot be constituted in separation from discourses on several other aspects of the Indian social structure. This paper, however, seeks to understand a relationship of a different order, that between caste and crime which in colonial India came to be linked in socially significant ways. Administrative discourse in colonial India sought to classify castes lower in the hierarchy and aboriginal tribes as criminal tribes and castes. Colonial administrative and metropolitan ideas and practices were thus used to classify certain groups as 'criminal'. Even as the state specified due requirements in the classification of such groups, these were prompted by broader imperatives - the consolidation of the colonial administrative edifice.

Process of a Vaccine Trial

This paper describes the complex process of a clinical trial of Mw anti-leprosy vaccine. The receivers of the bio-medical products are viewed not as mere cases seen through the protocol of the trial but as persons within different social contexts with their own understanding of the product in relation to their bodies. The issue becomes more complex in the case of the Mw vaccine as it is not only a prophylactic but also a therapeutic vaccine the patients negotiate between their understanding of the disease and the product. This also influences the biomedical discourse as the clinicians have to negotiate a balance between the therapeutic and experimental aspects of their work.

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