ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Articles by Mohan GuruswamySubscribe to Mohan Guruswamy

Redefining Poverty

For decades the Planning Commission has been following a rather limited definition of poverty based on a nutritional norm. A poverty line that only takes into account calorie consumption and does not include other basic needs is unacceptable. There is clearly an imperative need to redefine this poverty line in tune with basic needs such as proper nutrition, drinking water availability, shelter, hygiene, clothing and education.

Economic Growth and Development in West Bengal

In the story of India's development after the advent of 'economic reforms', the emergence of West Bengal as the fastest growing state is a real surprise. The reality of this is shrouded by the perception about West Bengal being in a state of economic decline, as much of the eastern region is. The reality of economic growth in West Bengal not only rips apart the perceptions, but also speaks volumes of how the state has, by and large, beaten the odds stacked against it by a generally indifferent central government.

FDI in India's Retail Sector

The entry of FDI in India's retail sector is inevitable. However, with the instruments of public policy in its hands, the government can slow down the process. Japan has done this quite effectively. The government can try to ensure that the domestic and foreign players are more or less on an equal footing and that the domestic traders are not at a special disadvantage. The small retailers must be given the opportunity to provide more personalised service, so that their higher costs are not taken advantage of by large supermarkets and hypermarkets.

Can India Catch Up with China?

The real challenge is not catching up with China's growth rate, which must inevitably slow down, but whether India can come abreast of China in industrial growth and competitiveness and in expansion of the workforce.

India-China Border Learning from History

The main rule of 'The Great Game' on the India-China border for the previous 150 years was that it be played quietly and as surreptitiously as possible. In the 1950s these rules still seemed to prevail and the two contesting governments decided to keep the lid on the problems while jockeying for local advantage. On the surface it was all Hindi-Chini bhai-bhai and the practice of the Panchsheela philosophy, but underneath was the realisation that the titles to large tracts of territory under the control of both parties were under dispute. The lid blew off when in March 1959 the Dalai Lama fled to India and was given political asylum.

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