ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Articles by Mathew KalathilSubscribe to Mathew Kalathil

GUJARAT-Repression of Scheduled Castes and Tribes in Broach

February 16, 1985 GUJARAT Repression of Scheduled Castes and Tribes in Broach Mathew Kalathil THIRTY-ONE huts in Amboli, only three kilometres away from the industrial town of Ankleshwar in Broach district of Gujarat, were consigned to flames by marauders in broad daylight on January 13. An invading private army of about 300-400 persons armed with petrol, diese!, kerosene, unlicensed guns and other lethal weapons descended on the tribal village by trucks, tempos and other conveyances at about noon-time. There was no resistance whatsoever from the tribals as most of the menfolk had gone to earn their daily wages (they have nothing to eat on days they don't go to work). There were only women, children, old people and a few male adults in their huts at the time of the attack and they fled for their lives when they saw the army approaching and setting fire to the huts on their way. By taking to flight they could save only their skins* Most of their earthly possessions went up in flames and turned to ashes before their very eyes. Their movable valuable possessions were carried away or destroyed by the private army.

GUJARAT- Repression of Tribals

non-food credit to deposit ratio which works out to be 26. To meet the additional demand for bank credit, banks liquidated investments worth Rs 645 crore in June alone. Hence the investment deposit ratio stood lower at 36 in June as against 39 in May or 37 in June 1983.

GUJARAT-Everyday Discriminations against Tribals

GUJARAT Everyday Discriminations against Tribals Mathew Kalathil GUJARAT was the scene of a fierce and violent agitation against reserva- tion (of jobs and seats in educational institutions) lasting 102 days from December 1980 to May 1961. In the course of it, 42 violent deaths occurred. Over 144 houses of Harijans were burnt down or looted; 116 Harijans sustained serious physical injuries. An impression was sought to be created that the goals and purposes of the reservation policy for backward castes and tribes in jobs and in educational institutions had long been achieved and that Gujarat was a heaven for the backward castes and tribes at the cost of the others. People in other parts of India were persuaded by vested interests to believe that well-to-do people in Gujarat were made victims of grave injustice by the reservation policy and therefore it ought to be scrapped. The fact, however, is that backward castes and tribes in Gujarat are far worse off today than they were 35 years ago. Hundreds of them become landless every year. Thousands remain unemployed for a major part of their lives. A great number of them die of TB, leprosy and diseases common among malnourished, ill-clad and ill-housed people. Daily deliberate discriminations are responsible for the accelerating impoverishment of the weaker sections of society in Gujarat. This report describes in some detail instances of gross discrimination against tribals in parts of South Gujarat.

GUJARAT-Police Terror in a Tribal Village

GUJARAT Police Terror in a Tribal Village ON the 10th of September, 1980 a 65- year old woman by name Kenaben Fulji died in Javli, a tribal village in Gujarat touching the border of Maharashtra. In the 5,000 strong village there was no man to cany the corpse to tin; cremation ground. The menfolk had fled for their lives from the village, The women of the village waited and waited for them to return. No one returned on the 11th and 12th. So, the women had to carry the bier on the 12th evening to the cremation ground and perform the last rites in the absence of adult males in the village. What forced the menfolk to flee the village?


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