ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Articles by M R BhagavanSubscribe to M R Bhagavan

Technological Implications of Structural Adjustment-Case of India

Structural Adjustment Case of India M R Bhagavan As a result of the Structural Adjustment Programme adopted by the Indian government in July 1991, India now operates a virtual 'open door' policy towards foreign investment and technology in most areas of industry and infrastructure. The new policy regime is likely to intensify and accelerate the process of technological polarisation between the large and small scale sectors, and high tech imports will impede the design and innovation capability of in-house R and D units. An educated and skilled workforce is essential to economic development, and for this a new public policy for a radical transformation of the education system is needed.

Angola Survival Strategies for a Socialist State

Three great shocks, coming one after another and being cumulative in their impact, have held up the process of national reconstruction, and social and economic development in Angola. They are the tremendous void created in the availability of skilled people at all levels and in all fields by the sudden mass departure of the Portuguese settlers in 1975-76, the destabilisation and destruction caused by the undeclared war by South Africa and its Angolan proteges the UNITA rebels, and the halving of Angola's foreign exchange income within one year (1986) due to the collapse of the oil prices on the world market.

Class Character of Rural Energy Crisis- Case of Karnataka

This paper proposes and develops a new method of analysis of the ruling energy crisis in India, and applies it to the state of Karnataka. It argues that in the context of rural India, a proper understanding of the production, consumption and reproduction of energy requires the extension of the concept of energy beyond fuels to include food, fodder and fertiliser. Using labour, land, physical and monetary assets, indebtedness and caste as the principal tools of analysis, and on the basis of the field surveys conducted by the authors in 1986, this theoretical and empirical study examines how the energy situation

India s Energy Policy into the Late 1980s

M R Bhagavan The planned investment by the Indian government in modern energy forms, i e, electricity, petroleum and coal, is massive at 30 per cent of the total outlay of the Seventh Five-Year Plan (1985-90), and the largest of any sector But the traditional forms of energy, on which the poor eighty per cent of the population depend almost entirely, get virtually nothing from the Seventh Plan outlay Clearly, the Indian State accords the very highest priority to a continuation of the rapid growth of the modern energy sector achieved during the first half of the present decade, whose benefits today accrue largely to the top 20 per cent of the population via modern industry, transport and other infrastructure serviced by modern energy forms. However, the Indian State has yet to spell out the concrete measures and instruments required for solving the many problems that beset the modern energy sector; massive investment alone will not be sufficient.

Halting India s Environmental Devastation

Halting India's Environmental Devastation M R Bhagavan The State of India's Environment 1984-85: The Second Citizen's Report eds A Agarwal and S Narain; Centre for Science and Environment, New Delhi,

Technological Underdevelopment

as well as the Government of India." The designing of new instruments requiring little capital and scarce energy and absorbing a great deal of human and animal labour has taken the form of a powerful movement in many countries of the world, though unfortunately not in India. The Left Front Government of West Bengal has not shown the slightest interest in encouraging a technological approach to agricultural development which would be an alternative to the one being pursued by the Government of India and which has for its motto 'Growth at the Cost of Social Justice'. Jyoti Basu's speech fully exposes the total bankruptcy of the Left Front government's development policy.

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