ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Innovations and Firm Performance in Informal Manufacturing Enterprises

Based on an empirical analysis of 300 informal manufacturing firms in the National Capital Region of Delhi, the paper finds that innovative firms exhibit higher productivity growth and sales growth, underscoring the significance of the local market for informal manufacturing enterprises. This paper further provides empirical evidence on the firm-level innovations and their implications for the informal sector, which is the key source of employment, livelihood, and social transformation.


In Search of a More Innovative Innovation Index for India

The construction of the India Innovation Index, following the Global Innovation Index, by the NITI Aayog and the Institute for Competitiveness, is a timely initiative that gained significant traction in academic and policy circles. However, it is shown that III could be made more robust by strengthening its analytical foundations by characterising India’s innovation system from a southern perspective and locating more appropriate indicators that capture the process of innovation at the national and subnational levels in India.

In Memoriam: K K Subrahmanian

This tribute to K K Subrahmanian, a profound scholar and a wonderful human being, who passed away on 16 October, commemorates his contributions as a teacher, adviser, innovator and a writer. His liberal approach towards sharing knowledge makes him stand head and shoulders above many in terms of the human capital he generated and the social capital he acquired.

ASEAN-India Pact and Plantations: Realities of the Myths

The opposition to the ASEANIndia free trade agreement, particularly from the plantation sector of Kerala, is founded on simple static analytics - a tariff cut will reduce protection, increase imports and result in a price crash. However, a more dynamic approach reveals that imports are not only dependent on tariff reduction, but equally on productivity differences, the structure of markets and the exchange rate. Moreover, the FTA takes into account the threat of import competition through safeguard measures when there is substantial injury to domestic producers. The primary issues lie in the sphere of production, agricultural research and innovation, rather than protection under the FTA.

Can Trade Liberalisation Bridge the Digital Divide? Assessing the Information Technology Agreement

This article analyses the impact of trade liberalisation on information and communication technology use and production in developing countries after the Information Technology Agreement came into force. Using empirical evidence on the global exports of ita goods and the performance of different groups of ita member-countries, the article makes the case for complementing trade liberalisation with capacity-building so that the ita could become an effective strategy for developing countries to bridge the digital divide. Substantial capabilities in ict production and use have been developed by some developing countries, which provide fresh ideas for a southern system of ict innovation for development.

Stagnation and Revival of Kerala Economy

The existing literature treats the migration-remittances phenomenon as something which has tended to moderate the influence of the crisis in the Kerala economy since mid-1970s. In sharp contrast, the present paper is an attempt to bringing in the question of migration and remittances to its rightful place within the structure of the regional economy. The study attributes the stagnation in the commodity producing sectors since the mid-1970s to the 'resource movement effect' and 'spending effect' associated with the migration-remittances boom.

Neglected Dimensions of Industrialisation in Kerala

Rural Industrialisation in Kerala: Its Dynamics and Local Linkages by Mridul Eapen; Manohar, New Delhi, 2001;  pp 249, Rs 400.

Structure and Growth of India's IT Exports

The policy initiatives taken to develop the information technology sector in India have yielded rich dividends in terms of exports and established the country's credibility in international IT markets. However, the focus has mainly been to promote IT as a foreign exchange earner. This paper looks at India's performance in software exports, the implications of this boom on the availability of skilled manpower in other competing sectors, and the possible threats to the sustained growth of software exports. To combat some of the negative offshoots of the current export-centric IT scenario, the authors say a proper incentive structure needs to be looked at, and the supply of technically skilled personnel enhanced. Most important of all, the diffusion of IT into other areas of the economy should be accelerated to help in the sustained growth of the sector.

Foreign Technology Licensing in Indian Industry

Recent research has shown that there appears to be real opportunities for less developed countries to obtain high yields to their investments in technology licensing agreements. Using a unique data set on all foreign technology licensing agreements entered into by India's largest 485 private sector firms in the industrial sector, this paper analyses important but often neglected questions on licensing agreements, and concludes that though technology licensing enhances firms' profitability, it is found having a negative effect on the net export earnings.

Natural Rubber Perils of Policy

K N Harilal K J Joseph THE rubber plantation industry in India is caught in perhaps the worst crisis that it has encountered since independence. The crisis has many dimensions; the record fall in the price of natural rubber being the most striking. The market price of natural rubber recently touched the lowest level recorded during the last five years and is about half of what prevailed two years ago. With input prices and cost of living maintaining their upward trend, the plight of about nine lakh natural rubber growers and four lakh workers engaged in rubber cultivation needs no elaboration. According to a conservative estimate the accumulated loss suffered by the growers during the last one year would be around Rs 800 crore. Most of this loss would have been borne by the small holders (with an average holding size of less than 0.50 hectares) who account for nearly 85 per cent of the area as well as production.

Industry and Trade Liberalisation-Performance of Motor Vehicles and Electronics Industries, 1981-91

Performance of Motor Vehicles and Electronics Industries, 1981-91 D Narayana K J Joseph The entire premise of structural reform is that the micro units, viz. the firms, will respond to the stimuli of the macro environment Given that the gradual opening up of the Indian economy can be traced to the late seventies and the early eighties, this process has been at work for over 10 years, which is not a short period. How have the firms responded to the policy changes? Can we learn some lessons from the experience of the last 10 years? This paper seeks to address these issues with specific reference to the motor vehicles and electronics industries.


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