ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Articles by J V MeenakshiSubscribe to J V Meenakshi

Health and Nutrition of India’s Labour Force and COVID-19 Challenges

Can the “post-COVID-19 normal” emerge better for India’s food supply and demand management, with a clear goal of zero hunger? Presently contributing one-third of the global undernutrition burden, a daunting challenge that the country must overcome now is of resuming broader based economic growth with a healthy labour force. Given this, India needs a data-driven exit and post-exit strategy from the COVID-19 lockdown that will not only mitigate the immediate food crisis faced by millions of poor households, but also reduce the long-term structural bottlenecks that limit poor households’ access to food.

Auctions in Grain Markets and Farmer Welfare

Modifications to the Agriculture Produce Market Committee Acts have removed barriers to private participation and allowed trade outside regulated markets in the hope that it will help farmers and improve market infrastructure. But a key feature of regulated markets - the use of auctions to sell produce - has attracted relatively little attention. This paper argues that the auction mechanism is central to protecting farmers' interests in a given market, even in the presence of collusion among some large buyers. More generally, it is a transparent mechanism of price discovery and sets a benchmark with which any new market set up by a private player has to compete, thus mitigating any adverse impact on prices received by farmers.

Calorie Deprivation in Rural India, 1983-1999/2000

Income poverty has declined over the 1980s and 1990s, but so have calorie intakes so that calorie deprivation in rural India has in fact increased. However, the depth and severity of nutrient deprivation declined, as did the incidence of abject calorie deprivation. Crucially, the results are sensitive to the choice of both calorie norm and poverty measure. The apparent divergence between income- and calorie- poverty trends further underscores the need for fresh debate on the determination both of the calorie norm and the poverty line.

Estimates of Poverty for SC, ST and Female-Headed Households

This paper computes poverty rates for scheduled caste, scheduled tribe and female-headed households. It also highlights the necessity of making adjustments for household size and composition while making welfare comparisons. These adjustments indicate a much greater degree of impoverishment among SC and ST communities than is indicated by the more conventional head count ratios based on the official poverty line. Higher poverty among female-headed households becomes apparent only when demographically-adjusted measures are used.

How Important Are Changes in Taste-A State-Level Analysis of Food Demand

A State-Level Analysis of Food Demand J V Meenakshi Food demand in India has been characterised by changing preferences. An analysis of state-level demand based on the linear expenditure system suggests that consumers are switching away from cereals toward the more expensive milk, poultry and meat products. This is consistent with dietary changes associated with economic growth the world over.

Partial Decontrol of Fertiliser Prices

Partial Decontrol of Fertiliser Prices J V Meenakshi The partial decontrol of fertiliser prices, some important implications of which deserve greater attention than they have received, may deliver much less than what the government has led everyone to expect.

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