ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Articles by C H Hanumantha RaoSubscribe to C H Hanumantha Rao

Rising Inequalities in Income in India

According to a study by Lucas Chancel and Thomas Piketty (2017), the average annual real per adult income growth in India accelerated from 1.7% during 1951–80 to 3.3% during 1980–2015. However, for the bottom 50% income group, it decelerated from 2.2% to 1.9% over the same period, despite acceleration from 1.2% to 5.1% for the top 10% income group and from 0.2% to 6.6% for the top 1% income group. These growing income inequalities in India are part of a larger set of rising income inequalities in several parts of the world; according to the World Social Report 2020 by the United Nations (2020), two-thirds of the world’s population today lives in countries where income inequality has grown. Moreover, “the ratio between the incomes of the richest and the poorest 10% of global population is 25% larger than it would be in a world without global warming,” as, among other factors, “at similar levels of exposure, people in poverty are more susceptible to damage from climate change than those who are better off” (United Nations 2020: 7).

The New Telangana State

A new social framework which is participatory and accountable to stakeholders is a prerequisite for inclusive and sustainable development of the new state of Telangana which is to be created soon. The socio-economic challenges are in providing land security to the tribals, expanding surface irrigation, creating power-generating capacity and in providing better state provision of health and education services.

India and China: A Comparison of the Role of Sociopolitical Factors in Inclusive Growth

The objective of economic planning in India and China, which started in both countries in the early 1950s, has been to step up economic growth and achieve equitable distribution of the benefits from growth. This article attempts to understand the experience of the two countries in achieving equitable growth under contrasting sociopolitical systems during their plan periods spanning over half a century.

Srikrishna Committee on Telangana: Recommendations at Variance with the Analysis

The Srikrishna Committee's analysis suggests that a separate Telangana can be a viable state and that a larger majority of the people in the region favour statehood. If a separate state is yet not the most preferred option then this has been on account of the vehement opposition from the Seemandhra region and the committee's own fears about more demands for smaller states cropping up as well as Telangana becoming a stronghold of Maoism and religious fundamentalism. Above all, the Srikrishna Committee's preference shows that in our system, opting for radical change by moving away from the status quo is not easy.

Budgetary Surpluses of Telengana

Budgetary Surpluses of Telengana C H Hanumantha Rao The purpose of this paper is not so much to give a precise estimate of Telengana surpluses as to attempt a clarification of some of the main issues relevant to this problem and to suggest a procedure foi estimating the surpluses.

Rural Transformation in China and India

India can learn a great deal from China in the matter of decentralisation to the local level institutions. The decision-making, implementation process, flow of foreign direct investment into rural enterprises and joint ventures with foreign enterprises in China are commendable. Hence, there is a need to promote exchange of visits and collaboration between India and China for mutual advantage.

Economic Reforms and Challenges Ahead

Andhra Pradesh has earned for itself the reputation of being at the forefront of economic reforms in the country, thanks to its initiatives in fiscal correction and restructuring of institutions. However, there remain significant challenges in the economic and social sectors that the state needs to address if it is to derive the full benefits of the reforms already launched and to make development more balanced, broad-based and sustainable.

Reform Agenda for Agriculture

Agriculture can be expected to derive the full benefits of the macroeconomic reforms introduced so far only when reforms directly affecting agriculture are put in place. Indeed, the slowing down of agricultural growth in the post-reform period, despite the favourable macroeconomic environment, is explained by the neglect of reforms directly affecting agriculture. This essay seeks to spell out a reform agenda for agriculture within the framework of a two-pronged strategy: (a) to release the initiative and enterprise of farmers and the private sector in general by removing restrictions on agricultural trade, processing, etc; and (b) to facilitate adequate supply response to the incentives so created by strengthening infrastructure, agricultural research and extension and delivery of credit, while protecting the environment.

Sustainable Use of Water for Irrigation in Indian Agriculture

Given the technology and public policy, institutions concerning water use hold the key to raising water productivity by bridging the vast gap that now exists between knowledge and its application. Water institutions are a relatively new and challenging area of interdisciplinary research for social scientists.

WTO and Viability of Indian Agriculture

The experience of the 1990s clearly demonstrates that far from trade liberalisation dampening the performance of agriculture, the lack of public investment and effort has been responsible for failure to benefit from trade liberalisation by stepping up and diversifying agricultural output in a cost-effective way.

Phases of Change

A Rice Village Saga - Three Decades Green Revolution in the Philipnies by Yujiro Hayami and Masao Kikuchi; Internatonal Rice Research Institute; Barnes and Noble 2000;


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