ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Poverty and Malnutrition at Extremes of South Asian Food Systems

Barbara Harriss Stuart Gillespie Jane Pryer The close empirical association between material poverty (whether of assets or of income) and malnutrition in children has come under scrutiny following counterintuitive evidence. Child nutrition indicators may not be good calibrators for anti-poverty targeting, and vice versa, if such a misfit is widespread. A number of reasons have been advanced to account for relationships of misfit between poverty and malnutrition. All such reasons concern the interpretive significance of indicators and concepts used.

Anti-Female Discrimination in Nutrients Sharing

Anti-Female Discrimination in Nutrients Sharing Barbara Harriss I READ with interest the1 paper "Rural Women, Poverty and Natural Resources" by Bina Agarwal (October 28, 1989) where evidence of anti-female bias in access in India to basic needs, to work, to the means of production and to life itself is set out. I have to say, however, that her summary of my review and evaluation of evidence on intra-family nutriants allocation (p WS47) is cryptic to the point of misrepresentation and that the policy point about targeting households rather than women (p W1S61, note 7) has been somewhat wrenched from context.

Organised Power of Grain Merchants in Dhaka Region of Bangladesh-Comparisons with Indian Cases

Dhaka Region of Bangladesh Comparisons with Indian Cases Barbara Harriss The organised power of agricultural merchants in regions of Tamil Nadu and West Bengal is compared and contrasted with that of grain merchants in the Dhaka region of Bangladesh, There are similarities in opportunistic political alignments, in the predominance of such merchants in local government and social institutions, in predispositions to philanthropic display, and in the practice of lobbying the administration. There are dissimilarities in the finance of mercantile associations, in the development of bipartite negotiations with labour, in the degree of autoregulation administered through associations. But most strikingly, while law and order activities are rarely carried out by mercantile associations in India, they are routine and important functions of mercantile associations in Bangladesh and are thought to result from greater insecurity of property, contract and person.

Regional Growth Linkages from Agriculture and Resource Flows in Non-Farm Economy

In this paper, the advocacy emanating from international research on agricultural growth linkages is subjected to empirical validation in an agricultural district in South India, In part one, the characteristics of non-farm activity are analysed in terms of their material relations with agricultural production. A varied data set covering flows of commodities, money and finance and labour is marshalled to show that industry is not for the most part rurally located, small-scale, labour intensive and based on local raw materials and local final markets. In part two, the implementation of policies designed to favour rural non-farm activity is found to divert resources away from priority targeted sector Our findings reveal the increasing importance of the national market and of regional integration and the likelihood of substantial flows of agricultural surpluses to the commercial, industrial and metropolitan economic sectors, a process supported by public sector mobilisation and allocation of resources.

Relations of Production and Exchange and Poverty in Rainfed Agricultural Regions

Poverty in Rainfed Agricultural Regions Barbara Harriss Many new techniques of dryland agriculture are productive and profitable, bat their diffusion even in regions which have been long commercialised, may be hampered by the precarious nature of the existing investible surplus. The extent of which commercialisation


Strategies for Equity Ifzal Ali B M Desai R Ramakrishna V S Vyas This paper attempts to focus on the prospects and problems of Indian agriculture by the turn of the century. Its emphasis is mainly on issues relating to distribution, and the increasing of the purchasing power of the poorest segments of the population.

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