ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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UTTAR PRADESH-Ideological Polarisation

Ideological Polarisation Amaresh Misra While there is much evidence of a consolidation of Sangh-BJP forces in the state, the non-Congress left opposition to the dominant pattern of communal politics is continuing to hold its own.

UTTAR PRADESH-Count Down to Kar Seva

Count Down to Kar Seva Amaresh Misra Though some conflict in the aftermath of December 6 cannot be ruled out, at a wider level the Congress and the BJP appear to have achieved a balance on the Ayodhya issue.

Towards a Left-Led Anti-Communal Platform

Towards a Left-Led Anti-Communal Platform Amaresh Misra Because of the nature of social forces which have traditionally supported a left-centrist platform in the Hindi belt, the left has always trailed behind centrist forces in any such alliance unlike in Kerala or Bengal. The IPF is now proposing a broad anti-communal platform in UP with the left in lead.

Political Alignments in the Making

Amaresh Misra While the recent BJP rally showed signs of the developing differences in the Hindutva combine, this has little bearing on the renewed attempts to build an anti-BJP anti-Congress platform.

Satyajit Rays Films-Precarious Social-Individual Balance

Precarious Social-Individual Balance Amaresh Misra While invoking a liberal bourgeois affiliation of the classical variety, Satyajit Ray remained critical of the type of capitalism evolving here and made explicit his aversion to the greed and the anti-humanist and pro-technology biases of the system. Not surprisingly, he occasionally gravitated towards the left and tried to locate his aesthetics within the middle classes, but here both the objective state of his society and his own history stood in the way.

Uttar Pradesh Motion without Movement

interest on fixed capital, depreciation and imputed value of family labour were taken into account it covered 31 per cent of the cost. The same varied from 25 per cent in case of 2-3 hectares category to 38 per cent in case of marginal farmers. We also looked into the sources of financing the installation of private tube- wells (Table 8). It will be seen that institu tional sources, i e, land development banks and commercial banks, accounted for only 13 per cent of the finances, contrary to the general impression that credit institutions finance a major share of such installations. More astounding was the fact that sale of land accounted for 15 per cent of the source for finance and mortgage of land another 3 per cent. Thus sale and mortgage of land together accounted for 18 per cent of the sources of finance as against 13 per cent provided by institutional sources. Savings from agriculture accounted for 43 per cent of the finance and private borrowings accounted for 7 per cent of the sources. This shows not only the inadequacy of the institutional sources in meeting such an important investment need but also shows the dynamics of the farmers who are even prepared to sell and mortgage their land to instal tube-wells so that overall productivity may rise- Uttar Pradesh: Motion without Movement Amaresh Misra The BJP's latest moves on the mandir issue have not only brought the focus of political attention back to Ayodhya, but have thrown the opposition once again into a state of confusion.

UTTAR PRADESH- BJP Gains by Default

nothing to improve in itself the quantity or quality of service that rural borrowers may obtain from institutional sources. The unstated constituent in all this is for rural credit to flow towards the most profitable rather than the most socially desirable or the neediest borrowers in the rural community

New Beginnings in UP Politics

New Beginnings in UP Politics Amaresh Misra The results of the by-elections to the Lok Sabha and the state assembly in UP have been interpreted as generally confirming the trends revealed by the general elections. However, underneath this appearance of non-change and consolidation of the BJP, some nascent tendencies with interesting possibilities can be discerned in UP politics.

New Ideological and Organisational Trends in Indian Left

would come with proposals for wage struggles, now more proposals are coming up for taking up land struggles. In other Naxalite groups too the labourers are beginning to discuss the greater importance of land as against wages.

Party and Mass Organisations

RANABIR SAMADDAR in his 'Letter to Editor' (June 18) while focusing on the question of the need of new types of mass organisation in place of old ones, provides important insights. Yet he seems to restrict himself to outlining the manifestations only, barely touching the core of the problem. The argument seems to be that objective conditions have changed and are demanding a new response both at the level of movement and organisation. But what really has changed objectively? And is the new response also demanding a new conceptual framework in place of old or only ad hoc concessions like freeing mass organisations from the party's rigid control and creating a 'popular' instead of a political identity for them? And isn't it a simplification to regard only an 'old outlook' as being responsible for the maladies afflicting mass organisations and mass movements of the left? The problem lies much deeper


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